31 May 2012

Resettlement Planning in a Development Context I - Discussion

Often there are informal settlements and/or illegal immigrants which start off small and then become much bigger. Is there a danger that through resettlement it can encourage more illegal settlemenst and slums?

  • There is a wider issue of social integration and marginalisation which resettlement throws up.
  • There are some basic human rights, right to a safe place for you and your family, and these should be granted even if you are in an illegal settlement.
  • This shout be designed into resettlement, right to housing is internationally recognised, but what matts most in terms of practical rights are national laws. There is also an issue of "professional squatters" in Phillipines that move in when a resettlement programme is likely to come into an area. Having people who have lived in an area can help to ensure that these kinds of people don't benefit at the expense of the people who have lived in that area.
  • We have defined a threshold in Pakistan and there is a right of housing.
  • There have Ben invasions of people in Mozabique when they hear about a programme. A cut off date and local committed are very important to prevent these types of incidents.

If a project lose their business and market how do you compensate for losing a market where you do your business but don't own the market?

  • In Mozabique, we were able to open 40 new market areas with toilets and near bus stops so that we created safer marketplaces for these people. We also provided allowances for loss of profits and disruption to their livelihood so that they could go to another market temporarily.
  • In Manila, they have built market paces but because the sites are remote the markets don't work well and hence livelihoods aren't restarted.
  • Need take away restrictions when people are resettled to compensate beyond money.