No seperate HIA for projects.
Integrated within EIS process
- Well established
- Social determinant perspective less well developed
- Health often implicit diffuse with IA reports
Ministry of Health guidance released this year: "Planning for Wellbeing and Health"
- Aim is to build a case for bringing health into planning.
- Economic pressures: Government keen to promote growth
- Energy pressures: Government keen for companies to develop new energy sources especially fossil fuel sources such as coal and offshore oil and gas; easing regulations around licensing.
- Health focus will be explicit but only those due to environment effects.
- Broad framework to guide local government role currently.
- Proposal to change their role to simply that of local service delivery agents.
- Looking to boost the economic focus of the Act.
- Few opportunities to conduct HIAs
- Where it is carried out then the focus will be on environmental health aspects
- Prioritise short term aspects and economic gains
- Likely to weaken the progress of HIA embedding.
- Changes threaten to overshadow MoH work to encourage HIA.
- Need to maintain pressure on developers via health profession, NGOs, public.
- Industry guidance could be a useful lever with local companies (ICMM).