- Integration into the planning process
- Not seen just as a support to decision making but that it really influences decision making
- Overemphasising on methodology
- Less focus on policy
- Losing a sense of the long term - politicians don't know what they want to do next week or next month never mind decades from now.
- A world filled with many worlds of transition
- Ageing and lifestyle changes
- Changing geographies of production and consumption
- Climate change and the rise (and fall?) of the sustainability concept
- Increasing importance of the urban context
High human development = High ecological footprintLow human development = Low ecological footprint
How we can decouple economic growth and environmental impact?
Challenges for EA:
- Need to reduce consumption without compromising quality of life
- Emphasis on benchmarking
- Move from compliance orientate to performance orientated EA
- Need to consider both production and consumption
- Assessed environmental, social and economic trends in the Northern Region of Portugal
- EIA only captured a small amount of the investment changes that was happening in the last 20 years
- Moving to urban, consumption and service sector which are not covered by EIA compared to the rural production sector which are covered by EIA.
Developed Metabolic Impact Assessment
- Evaluate urban development process
- Focuses on plans and projects as main drivers of urban development process
- Assess the metabolic efficiency of alternative locations for a development i.e. level of increase in energy use and citywide impacts.
EA needs to:
Be responsive to different development stages and patterns
Adapt to new and emerging societal challenges, new lifestyles. Modes of production and consumption