30 May 2012

Around the World in 80+ min with HIA in the Energy Sector - Session II, Presentation 1

Cumulative impacts of oil and gas projects

Role of IA?



Cumulative impacts and policy

  • Most intense where there is a policy/strategy vacuum

Example: water scarcity

  • River being used by local communities along it for domestic and agricultural purposes.
  • There are oil fields near the communities.
  • High levels of water washed and water Bourne diseases
  • Often no information about how communities currently use water and what amounts used.
  • There is often little knowledge about the likely levels of future usage by oil fields.
  • Raises local cumulative impacts - increases in waterborne diseases; increasing cost of water - poverty and inequality.

Example: Climate change

  • Global cumulative impact
  • More than 150,000 annual deaths at present globally
  • Occurring within lifetime of new projects
  • Still denial I'm some stakeholders
  • Or that that it is not urgent

National climate change impacts likely:

  • Increasing water scarcity
  • Temperature extremes
  • Reduced food supply
  • Sea flooding

Ironic that the faster the oil developed the faster key Middle East countries are likely to face sea flooding issues.


Corporate climate change policies on the web:

  • Almost all acknowledge the issues of climate change
  • Propose mitigation measures
  • Say they will monitor and report
  • Some have independent evaluation
Often there is a disconnect between corporate level executives and project level teams and how they recognise and deal with climate change impacts.



Excessive secrecy

Should HIA be challenging or complicit

Cumulative impacts poorly managed and there is a policy vacuum around it.


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