Non-technical risks of tight and shale gas exploration
- Design of facilities
- Protecting water resources
- Using IA process and stakeholder engagement
- Tight and shale gas has low porosity and permeability therefore the facilities needed above ground are larger than traditional wells.
- Hydraulic fracturing required to 'flow' the gas by forcing water (99%) and sand (1%) through small holes in illed pipe sent through the sandstone/shale layer.
- Fracking used in I nous try for over 60 years.
- 1 to 1.5km underground and length of fractures relatively small (?1-300m)
IA process is over and beyond legal compliance, as needed.
HSSE and Social Performance Control Framework
Use industry good practice
IA includes local experts
Independent expert group informs IA
Peer review of findings
- Use of water - reuse, recycling, waterless approaches
- Contamination of water sources
- Footprint of the facility
- Visual impact
Also have social performance plans to support communities.
- Increase in energy demand
- Need to recognise the need to develop unconventional sources
- Need everyone to come to the table and regulators need to have fair regulations and consistent enforcement