30 August 2012

Plenary Session 1: USA - HiAP and HIA


LInda Rudolph, Consultant in HiAP and H earthy Communities


LIke to discuss our experience in California and some of the issues we've faced.


  • Environments shape health and these environments are shaped by other sectors and these have had inequitable impacts on vulnerable communities.
  • Initial focus was on obesity prevention and some climate change initiatives.
  • HIA was used as part of this.
  • Part of a long history of intersectional action in public health - seat belts...

HiAP came out of an Executive Order by Arnold Swarzenegger that explicitly talked about this as a policy aim. A HiAP Task Force was created. Defined as a collaboration to improve wellbeing.


First challenge was to get people working together and to generate enthusiasms and get people working together better. Met with a range of stakeholders and set up an Ad Hoc Advisory Group. We then developed a definition of Healthy Communities to guide our thinking and developed a vision of how each agency could health. The suggestions from meetings and public meetings was reduced to a set of 6 themes and 11 recommendations.


So what are my thoughts and questions on HiAP and HIA.

  • Health Imperialism can be a charge made at us when we do HiAP
  • We answered or attempted to answer the question What Is In It For Me?
  • Needed to deal with the concerns of HIA from a administrative, regulatory and legal perspective
  • We stayed away from using the term HIA and talked about tackling health equity and using a health lens and that HIA is one approach to incorporate health perspectives
  • Not possible to do HIAs on all policies
  • But we need to do HIAs and when and how more formal HIAs are the most appropriate method in HiAP
  • How do we deal with conflicting policies - should not build housing within 500m of a freeway but there is also a transportation policy to reduce vehicle miles and reducing greenhouse gases. This also had an impact on reaching affordable housing goals.
  • Active community engagement is very hard and their are agency concerns about this being an opportunity for advocacy groups to criticise government
  • Really easy for us to focus on the immediate here and now risks and not the more important long term issues around climate change and greenhouse gas emissions
  • How do we look at the health impacts of windfalls and smart energy grids a deters that does not undermine the longer term climate change interventions needed.
  • Can we use HIA to deal with complex issues and can we do this with humility...maybe.





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