It used multiple search strategies to identify 27 HIAs that were completed in the U.S. during 1999 –2007 and key characteristics of each HIA were abstracted from published and unpublished sources.
- The areas examined in these HIAs ranged from policies about living wages and after-school programs to projects about power plants and public transit.
- Most HIAs were funded by local health departments, foundations, or federal agencies.
- Concerns about health disparities were especially important in HIAs on housing, urban redevelopment, home energy subsidies, and wage policy.
- The use of quantitative and nonquantitative methods varied among HIAs.
- Most HIAs presented recommendations for policy or project changes to improve health. Impacts of the HIAs were infrequently documented.
The article can be found at the CDC website at http://www.cdc.gov/healthyplaces/publications/AJPM_HIAcasestudies_March2008.pdf